Today, the system of human rights and freedoms protection is represented by associations of intergovernmental and non-governmental nature. Formation of the international mechanisms is connected, first of all, with the foundation of the United Nations and adoption of the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The UN has created not only legal frameworks, but also the international cooperation mechanisms and the system of bodies to implement the effective international legal acts.

Among other major intergovernmental organisations playing key role in human rights protection at the international level, there are the Council of Europe and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. One of the documents regulating activities of the Council of Europe and other intergovernmental organisations is the European Convention on Human Rights (formally the Convention for Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms). The Convention establishes inherent human rights and freedoms for everyone and obliges member states of the CE to guarantee these rights to every person under their jurisdiction.

At present, the international relations are defined by the increasing number of non-governmental organisations, strengthening of their role in the present-day world and international cooperation. Non-commercial and voluntary nature of the international non-governmental organisations is their main feature.

The human rights protection is first of all a challenge of national concern and every state should be responsible for meeting it. Human rights protection at the national level might be best ensured through adoption of respective laws, guarantee of an independent court, and support of democratic law institutes